Did potatoes come from South America?

Did potatoes come from North or South America?

The potato was the first domesticated vegetable in the region of modern-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia between 8000 and 5000 BC. Cultivation of potatoes in South America may go back 10,000 years, but tubers do not preserve well in the archaeological record, making identification difficult.

Where did the potato come from Ireland or South America?

The potato first made its appearance in Europe about 1570, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. Traditional wisdom has it that Sir Walter Raleigh introduced the crop to Ireland about 1585. As a staple diet for the native population, it proved to be ideal.

When did potatoes come to Mexico?

Although the presence of wild potato plants in Mexico indicates that the country lies within the potato’s area of origin, it was not grown there until the 16th century, when Spanish explorers brought cultivated varieties from South America, where it was considered the major sustenance food of the Andes.

Where do potatoes come from in the US?

Potatoes in the United States are grown in nearly every state, although about half of the crop comes from Idaho, Washington, Wisconsin, North Dakota, Colorado, Oregon, Maine, Minnesota, California and Michigan. Most potatoes are harvested in September and October.

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Where do red potatoes come from?

The Red potato was first cultivated in the mountains of Peru. Spanish explorers then brought the potato with them on returning voyages and introduced it to Europe in the 1560s. When potatoes became popular and spread across Europe, they were also carried to the United States.

Who brought potatoes to America?

The ever-exploring Europeans brought the potato into North America in the 1620s when the British governor in the Bahamas made a special gift of them to the governor of Virginia. They spread slowly through the northern colonies, but had much of the same initial reception in North America as they did in Europe.

What did the British eat before potatoes?

Cereals remained the most important staple during the early Middle Ages as rice was introduced late, and the potato was only introduced in 1536, with a much later date for widespread consumption. Barley, oats and rye were eaten by the poor. Wheat was for the governing classes.

Are potatoes native to England?

The potato is a native of South America, having been found wild both in Buenos Ayres and Chili. … The potato arrived in England from Virginia, brought here by the colonists sent there in 1584 by Sir Walter Raleigh. They arrived back here in 1586 and Joseph Banks says that they probably brought the potato with them.