How South America and Africa fit together?

What is the evidence that Africa and South America were joined?

To him, the presence of identical fossil species along the coastal parts of Africa and South America was the most compelling evidence that the two continents were once joined.

Why do Africa and South America appear to fit together so well?

According to the theory of continental drift, why do the coastlines of Africa and South America appear to fit together so well? … Africa and South America are drifting towards each other and will soon fit together perfectly. Ocean currents on either side of the Atlantic have eroded the coastlines into the same shape.

What caused South America and Africa to spread apart?

Students figure out: The South American and African plates moved apart as a divergent boundary formed between them and an ocean basin formed and spread. Earth’s plates move on top of a soft, solid layer of rock called the mantle.

Which continents will best fit if their edges are attached with each other?

2. If the continental boundaries of North America, Europe, and South America are defined as the edge of the continental shelf, then those continents also fit together very well.

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What are three evidence that supports the idea that all the continents were once joined together?

In the early part of the 20th century, scientists began to put together evidence that the continents could move around on Earth’s surface. The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones.

Why do the continents not fit perfectly together?

There are several reasons due to which the present shapes of the continents will not fit perfectly into a super continent. The main reason can be attributed to erosion and rise and fall of the water levels. … this never allows the continents to remain in the shape in which they were separated from one another.

How India got separated from Africa?

India was still a part of the supercontinent called Gondwana some 140 million years ago. … When this supercontinent split up, a tectonic plate composed of India and modern Madagascar started to drift away. Then, India split from Madagascar and drifted north-eastward with a velocity of about 20 cm/year.