How were the Incas shaped by their environment?
They adapted to their environment by using terrace farming, which was very important. Terrace farming is when they cut steep hills and they would build rope bridges to cross the mountains.
How did the Inca adapt their environment to create farmland?
By cutting flat planes into the mountain, the Incas were able to create areas of suitable farmland. Bounded by stone walls, these areas are able to withstand the problems associated with Mountain climates. Along with domesticated species of plants suited to harsh conditions, the Incas were able to farm.
What format did the Incas use to organize their empire?
The Inca society was a vertical hierarchical organization divided in four social classes. At the top of the stratum was the Sapa Inca, the most powerful person in the empire. Below was the royalty, comprised by the sons of the Sapa Inca and his close relatives.
How did the Incas organize their huge empire?
The Empire was divided up into quarters called “suyu”. … Each suyu was then further divided into provinces called “wamani”. A lot of times each wamani was made up of a tribe that had been conquered by the Inca. There were also smaller divisions within each wamani.
How did science shape the Inca civilization?
Interesting Facts about Inca Science and Technology
The Inca built a variety of bridges including suspension bridges and pontoon bridges. One of the main forms of medicine used by the Inca was the coca leaf. The Inca developed aqueducts to bring fresh water into town.
How did the Incas use their natural resources?
The main resources available to the Inca Empire were agricultural land and labor, mines (producing precious and prestigious metals such as gold, silver or copper), and fresh water, abundant everywhere except along the desert coast. … The astonishing Inca highways were one key to this economic success.
How did the climate affect Inca agriculture?
The higher temperatures, starting around 1150, ended thousands of years of cold aridity, and enabled Incan farmers to build mountainside terraces for growing crops at altitudes previously too cold to support agriculture.
What was the geography of the Inca Empire?
The Inca lived in the Andes Mountains. The Andes stretch the length of the western coast of South America, which is bordered by the Pacific Ocean. The Andes are the highest mountains in the Americas, and they are separated by plateaus that are also at very high altitudes.
How did the Incas grow crops on the high mountain slopes quizlet?
How did the Incas grow crops in the Andes? They farmed lands along rivers and also hillsides by cutting terraces, or strips of level land that are planted with crops.
How was the Inca Empire impacted by European exploration and colonization?
How was the Inca Empire impacted by European exploration and colonization? … European explorers stole gold, silver, and other riches from the Incan empire. Europeans constructed coastal cities to more easily ship Incan riches back to Spain. The empire was conquered and exploited by Pizarro and other Europeans.