Quick Answer: Why is the Atacama Desert of South America dry?

Why Atacama Desert in South America remains dry?

Why is the Atacama Desert so dry? The Atacama Desert is located in a zone called the “shadow of rain”. … Basically, there is an absence of rains and high evaporation. These natural, complex, and dynamic factors make the Atacama Desert an incredibly dry place.

Why is the Atacama Desert of South America dry quizlet?

Along the west coasts of Peru and Chile, the cold surface waters of the Peru Current bring cold air that cannot carry much moisture. The combined effects of the Peru Current and the central Andes rain shadow have created what is possibly the world’s driest desert, the Atacama of northern Chile.

Why is the Atacama Desert so much drier than any other desert?

what makes the Atacama Desert in Chile drier than other deserts? Well, the cold Humboldt Current, flowing northward along the Chilean coast, creates a strong inversion layer. … Also, we have to consider that the Atacama Desert is located over high altitudes, above 2,500 metres above sea level.

IT IS SURPRISING:  How many people live in slums in Venezuela?

Why is the Atacama Desert so dry for kids?

The aridity of the Atacama desert occurs because of its placement between two mountain chains – The Andes and the Chilean Coast Range. These high altitude barriers prevent moisture from the Pacific or Atlantic Oceans to penetrate.

How was the Atacama desert formed quizlet?

Formation of the Salar de Atacama? To begin, the surface was a layer of volcanic material from the Andes but over the years, a salt deposit has been formed due to the precipitation of salt and minerals washed down rom the Andes.

Where is the Atacama Desert located in relation to the Andes mountains quizlet?

From Venezuela in the north, the range passes through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. The Atacama Desert is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1000-km strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains.

Why does the Atacama Desert receive almost no rainfall?

This dry air has almost no water vapor so it can be easily heated by the sun, causing high ground temperatures with very low humidity. Another reason that the Atacama doesn’t get enough rainfall is because of a phenomenon called rainshadow.

What is a fun facts about the Atacama Desert?

Driest Desert in the World – Studies conducted by NASA have concluded that this desert located in northern Chile is in fact the driest desert in the world. Some weather stations in the Atacama have never received rain.