Did the Incas have surplus food?
Ancient Andean people were largely vegetarian, supplementing their diet with camelid meat and seafood if they could. The Incas developed a huge farming apparatus where crops and herds were commandeered from conquered peoples and the people themselves were periodically required to work on state-owned farms.
What did the Incas have in abundance?
The main resources available to the Inca Empire were agricultural land and labor, mines (producing precious and prestigious metals such as gold, silver or copper), and fresh water, abundant everywhere except along the desert coast.
How did the Incas control their economy?
how did the Incas control their economy? farmers tended government lands as well as their own, villages made cloth and other goods for the army. some Incas served as soldiers, worked in mines or built roads and bridges. they also had no merchants or markets.
How did Incas use irrigation canals and terracing to their advantage?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
Why was the Inca economy so successful?
The Incas had a centrally planned economy, perhaps the most successful ever seen. Its success was in the efficient management of labor and the administration of resources they collected as tribute. Collective labor was the base for economic productivity and for the creation of social wealth in the Inca society.
How did Incas pay taxes?
In order to run the government, the Inca needed food and resources which they acquired through taxes. Each ayllu was responsible for paying taxes to the government. The Inca had tax inspectors that watched over the people to make sure that they paid all their taxes.
Why did the Incas expand their empire?
When the Inca won new territories they moved groups of leaders around to ensure loyalty. … His descendants, Inca Huayna Capac and his sons Huascar and Atahualpa extended the empire to the north of Ecuador and part of Colombia and to the south to Chile and parts of Argentina.
How did the Sapa Inca influence the Inca economy?
The Sapa Inca held absolute power. … The Sapa Inca laid claim over all the land, herds, mines, and people of his empire. As the Inca people had no personal property, there was little demand for items for barter or sale, and trade played a much smaller role in the Inca economy than it had in the earlier Maya economy.
Inca society was based on a strictly organized class structure. There were three broad classes: The Emperor and his immediate family, nobles, and commoners. Throughout Inca society, people who were “Inca by blood” – those whose families were originally from Cuzco – held higher status than non-Incas.
How might the Inca road system strengthen the empire?
The extensive reach of the road network allowed the Incas to better move armies across their territories in order to further expand the empire or maintain order within it. Ordinary people were not permitted to use the roads for private purposes unless they had official permission.