What plants did South America domesticate?

What was the first domesticated plant in South America?

The oldest domesticated lima beans come from the Peruvian desert coast and date to between 7000 and 5000 bp; however, as this plant was domesticated in the highlands, it must have become a cultigen well before 7000 bp.

What plants and animals were domesticated in South America?

People in the Archaic Period relied on a mixed subsistence system that, while it varied across time and space, included: gathering, hunting, and fishing; cultivating cotton, potato, manioc, sweet potato, ullucu, jicama, oca, capsicum, lúcuma, lima beans, quinoa, cucurbita, lagenaria, coca, peanuts, and maize [3]; and …

What plants were first domesticated in the Americas?

Multiple species of squash, including pumpkins, zucchinis, and hard-shelled gourds, were domesticated independently throughout the Americas and are some of the earliest American crops.

What were the commonly domesticated plants in the Americas?

The Americas have contributed a number of crops of major global importance, for example maize (Zea mays), potato (Solanum tuberosum), cassava (Manihot esculenta) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).

What are domesticated plants?

Plant domestication is the process whereby wild plants have been evolved into crop plants through artificial selection. This usually involves an early hybridization event followed by selective breeding.

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What crops did Mexico domesticate?

Mexico is one of the cradles of agriculture with the Mesoamericans developing domesticated plants such as maize, beans, tomatoes, squash, cotton, vanilla, avocados, cacao, various kinds of spices, and more.

How did plants become domesticated?

People first domesticated plants about 10,000 years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia (which includes the modern countries of Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria). People collected and planted the seeds of wild plants. … Plants have not only been domesticated for food.

What type of agriculture is in Latin America?

The region has positioned itself as a leading exporter of agricultural products. Latin American countries are major exporters of soybeans, pork, maize, poultry, animal feed, sugar, coffee, and fruits and vegetables.

When were plants first domesticated in the Americas?

The earliest evidence of crops appears between 9000 and 8000 bp in Mexico and South America. The first crops in eastern North America may be almost as old, but substantial evidence for crop use there begins between 5000 and 4000 bp.

What groups of plants were domesticated in New World?

Tobacco, cocoa, and rubber came to India through Europeans in the late medieval or early modern era and so these are the groups of plants that were domesticated in the ‘New World’ and introduced into the ‘Old World’. All of them originated in South America.