What kind of plants grow in Chile?
Many unique species are found in these humid forests, the most conspicuous being the rauli, or southern cedar, the roble beech, the ulmo (an evergreen shrub), and the evergreen laurel. On the western slopes of the Andes the magnificent monkey puzzle tree, or Chile pine, forms dense stands.
What is the most common plant in Chile?
Some of the most common species are “Litre” (Lithraea caustica), Lun, Guayacan (Porlieria chilensis), Peumo, and many others. Further South and getting to Chile’s Austral area, you will find trees such as the Oak, Coigüe (evergreen), Hazelnut, Canelo (Winter’s Bark), Araucaria, and Larch.
How many types of plants are in Chile?
It is estimated that there are about 5,000 known vascular plant species in Chile, with roughly half of those being endemic to the country. So as we travel from Santiago to Valdivia, we can expect to see a great many plants that we are unlikely to see anywhere else in the world. A few of those species are shown below.
What vegetables are grown in Chile?
Fruits and Vegetables in Chile
Palta (avocado) is grown throughout Chile. Tomatoes and onions are other overwhelmingly popular and readily available vegetables. The nation’s most important crops include grapes, plums, apples, pears, onions, corn, peaches, garlic, asparagus and beans.
What are Chile’s natural resources?
Chile’s greatest natural resource is its abundance of copper. Chile also has the world’s largest deposits of nitrate, which was the country’s major source of export income before copper. Timber, from the thick forests in the south, is another important resource.
How many volcanoes are found in Chile?
* There are 2,000 volcanoes in Chile, more than 500 of which experts say are potentially active. * Around 60 volcanoes in Chile have been recorded to have erupted over the past 450 years, and experts say around 40 could begin to do so in the future.
What climate is Chile?
Central Chile has a mediterranean type climate with long, hot summers and cool, wet winters. The best seasons are spring, September-November and fall, March-May. The Southern part of Chile has a more rainy climate, particularly in Northern Patagonia, in the far south, around Punta Arenas is drier.
Who lives in southern Chile?
Southern Chile is home to more than five million people, including indigenous groups such as the Pehuenche and Huilliche, who have lived there for thousands of years.